When we talk about cannabis for wellness, we're really talking about cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that occur naturally in these plants and, when consumed, interact with the human endocannabinoid system. This system helps regulate your body in several ways, including how you process different physical and mental sensations, and keeping it balance helps your body respond to changes, stress, trauma and so on.
Homeostasis is maintained in part through the cannabinoid receptors that monitor your body's metabolic activities and response to various external stimuli. These receptors are classified as CB1 (located mostly in your brain and nervous system) and CB2 (located mostly in your immune system, including white blood cells and intestine).
It's obviously more complicated than this, and if you want to learn more about the endocannabinoid system and how it works, we recommend starting with this high-level introduction. But the important thing to know is that cannabis can provide cannabinoids that naturally supplement your endocannabinoid system in a way that can relieve pain, enhance mood, improve appetite, help with sleep and more.
THC is the psychoactive component—the chemical that makes you euphoric, drowsy, giddy or one of the other feelings commonly associated with consuming cannabis. CBD is non-psychoactive and has more subtle effects, including anti-inflammatory, muscle relaxation and analgesic properties.
Different strains of cannabis have different mixes of THC, CBD and other cannabinoids, as well as different terpenes (these affect the smell and flavour of the cannabis, but may also impact its effects). These cannabinoid profiles mean different strains have different results when consumed, which is why Sundial offers five lines of cannabis products grouped together based on how they may make you feel, and how they may best suit your needs or lifestyle.